# Help:Editing

WARNING: This help file was copied verbatim from Wikipedia, so it may refer to features that are not implemented here, and most of the links are broken.

This Editing Overview has a lot of wikitext examples. You may want to keep this page open in a browser window for reference while you edit.

Each of the topics covered here is covered somewhere else in more detail. Please look in the box on the right for the topic you are interested in.

## Editing basics

Start editing
To start editing a MediaWiki page, click on the "Edit this page" (or just "edit") link at one of its edges. This will bring you to the edit page: a page with a text box containing the wikitext: the editable source code from which the server produces the webpage. If you just want to experiment, please do so in the sandbox, not here.
You should write a short edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the legend.
Preview before saving
When you have finished, press preview to see how your changes will look -- before you make them permanent. Repeat the edit/preview process until you are satisfied, then click "Save" and your changes will be immediately applied to the article.

WARNING: This help file was copied verbatim from Wikipedia, so it may refer to features that are not implemented here, and most of the links are broken.

## Wikitext markup — making your page look the way you want

### Basic text formatting

What it looks like What you type

You can emphasize text by putting two apostrophes on each side. Three apostrophes will emphasize it strongly. Five apostrophes is even stronger.

You can ''emphasize text'' by putting two
apostrophes on each side. Three apostrophes
will emphasize it '''strongly'''. Five
apostrophes is '''''even stronger'''''.


A single newline has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

A single newline
has no effect
on the layout.

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.


You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.<br>


Three tildes gives your user name: Thekro
Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: Thekro 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:
: Three tildes gives your user name: ~~~
: Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: ~~~~
: Five tildes gives the date/time alone: ~~~~~


You can use HTML tags, too, if you want. Some useful ways to use HTML:

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

Superscripts and subscripts: x2, x2

Invisible comments that only appear while editing the page. Comments should usually go on the talk page, though.

You can use <b>HTML tags</b>, too, if you
want. Some useful ways to use HTML:

Put text in a <tt>typewriter font</tt>.
The same font is generally used for
<code>computer code</code>.

<strike>Strike out</strike> or
<u>underline</u> text, or write it
<span style="font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts:
x<sup>2</sup>, x<sub>2</sub>

Invisible comments that only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->
Comments should usually go on the talk page, though.


For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see HTML in wikitext. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.

What it looks like What you type

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs. Start with two equals signs; don't use single equals signs.

== Section headings ==

The Wiki software can automatically generate

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

• Unordered lists are easy to do:
• Start every line with a star.
• More stars indicate a deeper level.
• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list.

• Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
* A newline
* in a list
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.

1. Numbered lists are also good:
1. Very organized
2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

1. New numbering starts with 1.
# Numbered lists are also good:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.

• You can even do mixed lists
1. and nest them
• or break lines
in lists.
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.

Another kind of list is a definition list:

word
definition of the word
longer phrase
phrase defined
Another kind of list is a '''definition list''':
; word : definition of the word
; longer phrase
: phrase defined
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A newline after that starts a new paragraph.

This is often used for discussion on Talk pages.
:A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A newline after that starts a new paragraph.
::This is often used for discussion on talk pages.


You can make horizontal dividing lines to separate text.

You can make horizontal dividing lines
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,


You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named T-shirt. You can even say T-shirts and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link. Example: Image Gallery.

The first letter will automatically be capitalized, so sandbox is the same as Sandbox. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

Here's a link to a page named [[T-shirt]].
You can even say [[T-shirt]]s
and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Image Gallery]]''.

The ''first letter'' will automatically be capitalized,
so [[sandbox]] is the same as [[Sandbox]].
Capitalization matters after the first letter.

yet. You could create it by clicking on the link (but please don't!)


You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

*[[Image_Gallery#Maps]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".


You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

You can make a link point to a different place
target first, then the pipe character "|", then

*[[Image_Gallery#Maps|
Maps on the SAGC Wiki]]


You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]


You can redirect the user to another page with a special link. For example, you might want to redirect USA to United States.

#REDIRECT [[United States]]


Category links don't show up, but add the page to a category.

Add an extra colon to actually link to the category: Category:English documentation

[[metawikipedia:Help:Category|Category links]] don't show up, but add the page
to a category. [[Category:English documentation]]

[[:Category:English documentation]]


### Just show what I typed

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type
<nowiki> tags

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by removing newlines    and multiple spaces.
It still interprets special characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>

<pre> tags
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: &rarr;

</nowiki>

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted. It still
interprets w:Wiki markup and special
characters: →

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted. It still
interprets [[w:Wiki]] ''markup'' and special
characters: &rarr;


### Images, tables, video, and sounds

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

File:Wiki.png
The logo for this Wiki
A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|The logo for this Wiki]]

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|The logo for this Wiki]]


A link to the Wiki's page for the image: Image:Wiki.png

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Wiki.png

A link to the Wiki's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]


Use media: links to link to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link to sounds
or videos: [[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]

This is
a table
{| align="center" border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5"
! This
! is
|-
| a
| table
|}


### Mathematical formulas

You can format mathematical formulas with TeX markup. See metawikipedia:Help:Formula.

What it looks like What you type

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$


### Templates

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

## Minor edits

A logged-in user can mark an edit as "minor". Minor edits are generally spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearrangement of text. Users may choose to hide minor edits when viewing Recent Changes.

Marking a significant change as a minor edit is considered bad Wikiquette. If you have accidentally marked an edit as minor, make a dummy edit, verify that the "[ ] This is a minor edit" check-box is unchecked, and explain in the edit summary that the previous edit was not minor.